“The Works of Mencius” is a collection of writings by the Chinese philosopher Mencius (also known as Mengzi or Meng-tzu), who lived in the 4th century BCE during the Warring States period of Chinese history. The book is a compilation of Mencius’ philosophical and ethical ideas, which were deeply influenced by the teachings of Confucius and are considered to be among the most important works of Confucianism.
Mencius believed that human nature is inherently good and that people have the capacity to become virtuous through self-cultivation and moral education. He also emphasized the importance of social and political harmony, arguing that the ruler’s duty is to promote the welfare of the people and that government should be based on moral principles.
“The Works of Mencius” is organized into seven books, each containing a series of short essays or dialogues that explore different aspects of Mencius’ philosophy. The book has been highly influential in Chinese and East Asian thought and has been translated into many languages. It remains a key text for anyone interested in Confucian philosophy or the intellectual history of China.